The IRS Data Retrieval Tool automatically signs you up for an income-driven repayment plan under the Biden program. This plan uses tax information from prior years to determine your income and help you decide how much you can afford to pay each month. Once you have made ten years of on-time payments on your loans, you can qualify for PSLF, or Public Service Loan Forgiveness, which allows you to have your student loans forgiven.
A former White House spokeswoman has revealed that Vice President Biden plans to offer debt forgiveness to students with less than $125,000 in debt. The plan is likely to focus on undergraduate students from public colleges and institutions that serve underrepresented groups. However, there is uncertainty as to who will qualify for the forgiveness. A recent Morning Consult poll found that just 41 percent of 18 to 34-year-olds approve of Biden’s job performance. Many also doubt that he will fulfill the campaign promises.
Republicans have criticized the proposed debt cancellation plan, citing its cost, the need for income caps and the ethical implications of having all taxpayers foot the bill. Clearly, that’s a tough question for Democrats, especially as the midterm elections approach in November. Additionally, the administration’s effort to reform student loans is unlikely to be without legal hurdles. Because the Education Department is a branch of government, it is not allowed to make policy decisions without the consent of Congress.
As of today, there are no details about the Biden student loan plan. But the plan has already garnered significant attention, with the president’s stated desire to reduce student loan payments to no more than 10% of borrowers’ income. The changes in the federal loan repayment programs, known as Income-Driven Repayment Plans, are particularly significant. For example, Biden’s plan would require borrowers to pay no more than 10% of their income, which is well below the poverty level. This plan would also eliminate monthly payments for borrowers who make under $25,000 a year. For low-income borrowers, the plan would eliminate interest accrual and capped payments.
The Department of Education committed to a new plan but failed to deliver a final rule by November 1 of this year. Because of this, millions of borrowers accumulated fees and interest before being protected under IDR. If Biden could get this reform passed, it would fix this problem and inspire future borrowers to make IDR payments. That would be a win-win for borrowers and future students. But there is a lot more work to be done.
Automatic expungement of defaults
Under current federal law, it is possible to request automatic expungement of defaults on your federal student loans. Usually, this will require an application process, but some lenders have begun to grant this option without a formal application. Although it’s unlikely that you’ll be able to have your defaults automatically removed, you should be aware of the financial consequences of remaining in default. For starters, a low credit score will make it difficult for you to obtain loans and credit cards, and it can hinder your ability to get a job. Additionally, you may be subject to collections fees and wage garnishment.
In response, the Biden administration is moving to remove defaults from federal student loans. While it’s unclear what the exact timeline is or how borrowers can benefit, the new policy will allow the Education Department to restore accounts and remove black marks on credit reports. While the Education Department is still not disclosing concrete details, the new policy is expected to help up to nine million borrowers. Despite the benefits of the new program, advocates have called on the administration to go even further.
Impact on inflation
The Biden administration has promised to ease student loan debt, but there are still questions about the impact of the program on the economy. One official said that the administration is waiting to make its decision until the end of August, in order to assess the problem of inflation and the progress of legislative bills in Congress. The White House would prefer to pass legislation to ease the burden of student loan debt, but it is unclear how Senate Democrats will reach that goal. If that is the case, the only option is executive action. That said, there are many other Democrats waiting to see whether Biden will keep his campaign promise.
Some economists believe that the cancellation of student loans by the Biden administration would worsen the problem of inflation. Senior fellow Brian Riedl at the Manhattan Institute is less emphatic, but still thinks that this policy is bad for the economy. It could add 0.3% to the rate of inflation, which is not significant, but is nevertheless a concern. While the Biden administration has been trying to reach an agreement with the federal government over the years, he has made it clear that he will do everything possible to help students.
Impact on college costs
The current economic crisis has brought attention to the sky-high cost of college. Rising interest rates and inflation suddenly raised the cost of college tuition, while the decline in the stock market hit the investments many families relied on to finance their education. The College Board monitors trends in college prices and student aid to help families plan their education budgets. This article highlights the effects of student debt on college costs and the impact of student loan forgiveness.
The Biden administration may cancel as much as tens of thousands of student loans. However, this measure may only have a small impact on Black college students, as most defaulted borrowers are less than $10k in debt. The Biden plan, if implemented, would benefit those who cannot afford college or are unable to repay them. As a result, many borrowers with low debt levels are not able to pursue a degree necessary to improve their income.